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Traffic Violations and Penalties in India

The rules and regulations for Indian drivers named “Rules of the Road Regulation’ came into effect in 1989. Since then these rules have been amended time and again to include the changes in the growing traffic and road networks.

The Indian Motor Vehicle Act specifies the traffic rules common to all states in India. Motorists have to obey these rules as well as city specific traffic police rules. These rules are applicable to two, three and four wheelers, multi-axle buses and trucks.

Read Also: 30 Essential Road Safety Rules in India

The regulations are strictly implemented to maintain discipline and encourage safe driving. A reduction in accidents, smooth flow of traffic and safety of pedestrians are the concern of the traffic police in every city.

Any violations of these laws incur penalties and punishments.Violations are related to driving, traffic signals, parking, vehicle specification, driver behavior, documents etc.



Driving without a valid driving license

Rs 500  and/or imprisonment (3 months)    
Vehicle without registration certificate (RC)
Rs.2000 to Rs.5000 for depending on vehicle type
Nonavailability of documents while driving as specified in the Motor Vehicle Act Rs. 500

Driving without valid insurance

Rs. 1000 and/or imprisonment (3 months)
Driving without valid permit

Rs. 2000  to Rs 5000 as the case may be
Driving without valid vehicle fitness certificate Rs. 2000  to Rs 5000 as the case may be
Driving by a person below 18 years (minor) Rs. 500
Allowing one’s vehicle to be driven by an  un-licensed or an under-aged person Rs. 1000 and/or imprisonment (3 months)
License holder allowing his license to be
used by another
Rs. 100 for first offence  
Disqualified person applying for license
or driving a vehicle
Rs. 500 and/or imprisonment (3 months)  
Offences relating to licenses      Rs. 500


Driving without fastening seatbelts Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent offences  
Over speeding/driving above the speed limits Rs. 400 for first offence
Rs.1000 for subsequent offences
Abetment for over speeding Rs. 300 for first offence
Rs. 500 for subsequent offences
Use of mobile phone while driving Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent offences

Driving dangerously/abetment
Rs.1000 for first offence and/or 6 months
Rs.2000 for subsequent
offences and/or 2 years
Hazardous overtaking      Rs. 100
Failing to give way for overtaking Rs. 100
Overtaking from the wrong side Rs. 100
Driving in the centre of the road
without keeping left
Rs. 100
Not driving in the proper lane Rs. 100
Driving against a one way Rs. 100
Reversing without caution Rs. 100
Taking U turns during forbidden hours Rs. 100
Failing to slow down at intersection/
Rs. 100
Carrying people on footboard   Rs. 100      
Overloading on bikes and two-wheelers Rs. 100
Driving on the footpath Rs. 100
Obstructing a pedestrian crossing Rs. 100
Violating the yellow lines  Rs. 100
Violating the stop line Rs. 100
Violating mandatory road signs Rs. 100
Non-compliance with traffic signals/sign
Rs. 100
Not providing appropriate signals Rs. 100
Crossing red signal lights 

Rs. 100 for first
Rs.300 for
subsequent offences
Driving or allowing to drive a vehicle
carrying excess load

Rs. 2000 minimum and
Rs.1000 per ton of excess
load plus charges for
offloading excess load
Refusal of driver to submit his vehicle to
Rs. 3000
Driving under the influence of

Rs. 2000 for first offence
and/or 6 months
Rs. 3000 for second
offence and/or 2 years
Driving when mentally or physically unfit to drive/its abetment Rs. 200 for first offence
Rs.500 for subsequent
Driver permits another person to obstruct
his control of the vehicle
Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent
Driver and pillion rider failing to wear
Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent
Abandoning vehicles in public places
unattended/Obstructive parking
Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent
Any person in- charge who permits
travelling on the running board
Rs. 100 for first offence/
Rs.300 for subsequent
Failure to take precautions at Railway
Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent
Carrying explosive and inflammable
Rs.100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent
Parking a disabled vehicle causing
impediment to free flow of traffic
Rs. 50  per hour besides
towing charges
Running unauthorized routes without
Rs.2000 to Rs.5000for first
offence Rs. 10000 for
subsequent offences
Causing accident driving a defective
vehicle or Trailer

Rs.250 for first offence.
Rs.1000 for second
offence or imprisonment
for three months
Driving in a public place violating
prescribed standards for road safety,
pollution, noise control
Rs. 1000 for first offence
Rs. 2000 for subsequent
Violating provisions of MV Act regarding
dangerous and hazardous goods

Rs.3000 for first offence and/
or 1 year imprisonment
Rs. 5000 for subsequent
offences and/or 3 years
Racing and speed trials     Rs. 500 and/or 1 month imprisonment  

Read Also: General School Zone Traffic Rules


Driving without number plates Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent offences
Improper use of headlights and tail
Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent offences
Using high beam when not
Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent offences
Driving without a horn Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent offences
Improper use of horn while
Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent offences
Unauthorized alteration of
Rs.100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent
Taking a vehicle without
Rs.500 and/or
imprisonment for 3 months
Absence of wiper Rs.100
Absence of windscreen, side mirrors Rs.100
Absence of brake lights or
Absence of spare wheel Rs.100
Absence of silencer Rs.100
Park lights not working Rs.100
Provision of audio-visual equipment
affecting road safety and noise

Speedometer not working Rs.100


Disobeying directions from MV authorities Rs. 500
Disobeying a traffic policeman in uniform

Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent ffences
Disregarding of policeman signals

Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent
Driver/ conductor failing to produce his license,
certificates of registration, insurance vehicle
permit, fitness on demand to police in a public
place or any other officer of the Motor VehiclesDepartment
Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent

When driver is accused of offence under the
MV Act and fails to provide information

Rs.500 for first offence
and/or 3 months
Rs.1000 for subsequent
offences and/or 6
months imprisonment
In case of accidents, failure to report to the
police, failure to provide information to the
insurer and failure to provide medical aid to

Rs.500 for first offence
and/or 3 months
Rs.1000 for subsequent
offences and/or 6
months imprisonment
Selling of altered vehicles violating MV Act Rs.500


Ticketless travel in buses Rs. 500
Failure to produce Drivers Badge in public
Rs. 100
Failure to wear uniform Rs. 100
Smoking or chewing any intoxicating drug or
Rs. 100
Replenishing fuel tank with passengers on
Rs. 100
Overloading of passengers or luggage Rs. 500 – Rs.3000
as the case maybe
Non-adherence to time schedule Rs. 100
Failure to maintain trip sheet Rs.100
Violating taxi stand rules Rs.100
Usage of multi toned horn affecting noise Standards Rs.300
Failure to fit taximeter Rs. 100
Failure to set taximeter in operation on trips Rs.100
Carrying persons in excess of seating capacity in goods carriage Rs. 100 for first offence
Rs.300 for subsequent offences
Demanding excess fare by taxi/auto

Rs. 100 for first
Rs.300 for subsequent
Carrying animals without providing
sufficient space
Rs. 100
Uncivil behavior towards passengers Rs.100
Absence of first-aid box Rs.100
Destination board not exhibited/illuminated Rs. 100
Exhibiting advertisements without sanction Rs.100
Failure to accept tendered fare Rs.500
Issue invalid ticket Rs.500

The basic traffic rules apply to all two-wheelers also. In addition to this, two-wheeler riders should compulsorily wear helmets.

In many states it is stipulated that pillion riders too should wear helmets. Rear view mirrors and indicators are to be used. Pillion riders should not exceed more than one.

Owner of the vehicles driven by juveniles will be held responsible for the offence committed unless they prove that it was without their knowledge or they tried to prevent it.

Read Also: 5 Must-know Unwritten Road Safety Rules on Indian Roads

The registration of the vehicle driven will be cancelled. The juvenile will be tried under the Juvenile Justice Act.

Penalties and fines have been instituted to educate the general public on the do’s and don’ts while driving.

Strict adherence to these rules will help the traffic department to streamline operations reducing risks for drivers, passengers and pedestrians.

How To Reduce School Zone Traffic Congestion

Traffic congestion at school zones is a safety concern for all due to queuing up of vehicles and poor visibility ahead. It inconveniences parents, students, school authorities, school bus drivers, police, and the residential neighborhood.

The number of school-going students being driven to school by private cars has risen considerably in urban areas. The growth in the use of cars by parents to drop off and pick up students sees fewer children walking or biking to school.

Unanticipated traffic and a large number of students at the school gates at a time render all arrangements made by schools ineffective to control traffic congestion.

Steps to Reducing School Zone Traffic Congestion

Vehicle congestion at school entrances conflicts with pedestrians and cyclists coming to school. They may not have access to sidewalks. School parking areas may be unorganized.

School buses may block the visibility of pedestrians and cyclists. Parents and motorists may display unruly behavior parking in no-zone areas, double parking, speeding or ignoring traffic restrictions.


A study on the movement of the traffic in and around the school would be the first step before rules for traffic reduction are set in place.

Knowing the type of roads around, availability of parking spaces, type of vehicles – vans, buses, cars- that use the road, pedestrian safe ways are a necessity to drawing up traffic plans.

1. Education on Alternative Means of Transport:

One of the best ways to ease school zone traffic congestion is to reduce the number of vehicles that converge at school gates during opening and closing times.

Parents state traffic hazards, time constraints, distance, and bad weather as reasons for transporting their children to school. Parents have to be educated about the alternate modes of transport their child can avail of.

They have to be appraised of the role they have in reducing school zone traffic congestion and increasing student safety. This information can be provided through leaflets or PTA newsletters.

Parents and students have to be educated on the benefits of walking or cycling to school.

The health aspect and the impact on the environment are to be incorporated into the curriculum so that students understand the concept and are encouraged to walk. The school can reward them with a point system.

Students can join walking school bus programs where an adult escorts a group of children along a pre-determined route to school.

Children living within walking distance of the school can avail of this method which keeps pedestrian safety in mind.

The school bus is the best option for students who live further away from school. Studies show that an approximate number of 38 cars are required to transport an average busload of 45 children.

Availing school bus services can reduce traffic congestion at school access points as well as on the roads.

Car-pooling is another option for students living in close-by locations.

2. Access points

The number of entry and exit points in school has to be regulated. Larger the number of these points, greater will be the congestion. Situating these entrances and exits around the school where the road is bigger or accessibility to parking spaces is nearer will reduce the congestion.

Also Read: Top 18 Road Safety Rules to Teach your Students

Students walking or cycling to school have to be provided with separate entrances and exits.

This will reduce the risk of accidents and traffic hold-ups around the school. Students should not be allowed to ride their cycles within the school premises.

All-access points have to be locked during school hours and opened only when students have to be let in and out. Security guards have to be stationed at all access points.

3. Pick up and Drop off points

Pick up and Drop off points

Pick up and drop off points have to be designated for cars and buses. A dedicated drop off zone away from the parking area will help in improving traffic flow.

The use of alternate routes in and out of school has to be encouraged so that all vehicles do not congregate in one location.

School volunteers or staff can escort children from car to school. This will quicken the drop-off process.

Read Also: Top 10 School Bus Companies

Directing different types of traffic to different locations around the school can help reduction in congestion. Bus pick-up and drop-off are assigned to one area while parents pick and drop in another area. Staff can be provided parking on a different side.

4. Parking

Reduce School Zone Traffic Congestion

Temporary parking spaces for pick-up and drop-off can be created by using sign-boards for peak hours only.

Parking spaces near schools in urban areas can be very limited. Unless the school has a dedicated parking area it is extremely difficult to get parking slots near the school.

City councils and district councils may be approached for additional space which might infringe into neighboring areas. Consent of neighbors is essential and hence a plan can be negotiated with them for utilizing the space only during school hours after which it will remain vacant for their use.

High school children driving to school have to be given clear instructions and lessons on how to park in the areas assigned to them.

5. Traffic Conditions

Reduce School Zone Traffic Congestion

The timings of traffic lights in the area can be revised if necessary to suit the school period. This requires coordination with the local traffic authorities and the adjacent residential areas.

Re-routing of streets will force drivers to seek alternative routes. ‘No entry’ or ‘One-way’ signs on roads leading to the school can divert traffic away from the school.

Road humps can be installed to reduce the speed of vehicles.


Increased police patrolling during peak hours can be of help. Double parking, waiting in no parking zones, parking across driveways and parking too close to pedestrian crossings can be curtailed with patrolling.

Doubling of traffic fines for parking offenses and speeding in the school zones are deterrents and reduce congestion.

6. School Timings

Start and finish timings for elementary, middle and high school students can be staggered. Though it might prove inconvenient for parents who have children in all sections, the staggering of school timings can reduce traffic to a large extent.

Read Also: Buying a School Bus – 10 Important Points You Should Know

There is no single solution to traffic management to avoid congestions at schools. Traffic issues differ for each school depending on their size and location. Though the general guidelines can be followed each issue has to be analyzed and dealt with accordingly.

Road Traffic Safety Rules In Lebanon – All You Need To Know

Lebanon has a population of 60, 00000 people of which 85% live in the urban areas. Lack of an efficient public transport system has resulted in an increase in passenger car vehicles on the road…  

Irresponsible and negligent driving is the main cause of approximately 1200 deaths a year in traffic accidents alone. Poor road infrastructure also contributes to this statistic.

Traffic rules for drivers as well as pedestrians have been stipulated by the Government. But the authorities have been lax in implementing them.

The following are the rules to ensure driver discipline and safety on the roads.

Read Also: 10 Road Safety Tips That Can Save Your Life

Driving License Issuance

  • Driving in Lebanon is on the right-hand side of the road.
  • The minimum age to obtain a driving license in Lebanon is 18 years.
  • A driver needs to be 23 years to rent a car, Minimum age to drive commercial vehicles is set at 21 and  school buses at 25
  • Driving Licenses are issued after the candidate passes a mandatory written and practical driving test. They are renewed every 10 years.

Driver rules

  • Drivers are to carry a valid driver’s license, registration and insurance documents while driving.
  • Drivers cannot drive motor vehicles without registration and license
  • Drivers cannot drive an impounded vehicle.
  • Drivers should comply with the traffic lights, should not overrun the red signal  and stop when required
  • Drivers should give way to aged and disabled persons and students.
  • They should give priority to ambulances, fire engines, police and other government vehicles.
  • Drivers should not use radar detection methods.
  • Drivers should not drive under fatigue.
  • Drivers should not block intersections.
  • They should give preference to vehicles inside of a roundabout.
  • They should refrain from making illegal U-turns and performing acrobatics on the road

Speed limit

  • Speed limits set by the road safety authorities in Lebanon is a maximum of 50kph in urban areas and 100kph in rural areas.  
  • Driving under the speed limit by 20Km/h is not allowed.
  • Driving over the speed limit by 60km/h attracts maximum fine, vehicle seizure and a jail term.
  • Over-speeding, racing and dangerous driving are not allowed and are punishable offences.

Drink/Drug driving

  • Driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs is prohibited.
  • Even though the legal limit in drinking and driving is 0.5g/l, the authorities have adopted 0% tolerance towards driving after drinking.
  •  A graded fining system exists for driving under the influence of blood alcohol concentration levels of 0.5-0.8g/l, 0.8-1g/l, and for above 1g/l heavy fines, seizure of vehicle and jail term is imposed.
  • No open alcohol containers are permitted in a vehicle on road.

Vehicle safety rules

  • Seat belts are compulsory for both front and rear passengers in all vehicles.
  • Helmets are compulsory for cyclists and motor-cycle riders.
  • Cyclists should use side mirrors.
  • Cars should not have dark tinted windows.
  • Vehicles on the road should have their light on at all times.
  • Using mobile phones while driving is prohibited. A hands-free system can be used.
  • Signal lights and high beam lights are to be used only when necessary.
  • Hazard lights have to be switched on when the vehicle is broken down or when there is an obstruction on the road.
  • Hazard triangle in the vehicle is mandatory.
  • Dangling any part of the body outside while the vehicle is in motion is not allowed.
  • Registration plates have to be displayed clearly on the vehicles.

Passenger restrictions

  • Children under the age of 5 years have to be seated and buckled in a car seat.
  • Children under the age of 10 years should not be seated in the front seat and should not be transported on motor cycles

Parking regulations

  • On-street parking is normally allowed for a maximum of two hours.
  • Vehicles should not be parked in no-parking zones, pedestrian walkways and crossings or in slots reserved for the disabled.
  • Vehicles for sale should not be displayed or parked in public parking spaces.

Accident rules

  • A vehicle involved in an accident has to be moved to the side of the road
  • Causing accidents, not stopping immediately or performing a hit and run attract heavy fines, seizure of vehicles and jail terms.

Read Also: 8 Road Safety Tips for Motorists 

Pollution rules

  • Vehicles with carbon emission beyond the legal limits are penalized.
  • Noise pollution and Littering are not permitted.

Pedestrian rules

  • They have to respect the traffic signal lights and use the pedestrian crossings
  • They are to use assigned bridges and tunnels to cross busy roads.
  • Entering and exiting vehicles 25 meters close to intersections, signals or roundabouts in not permitted.

Violation of each one of the above traffic rules in Lebanon is a punishable offence.

Fines ranging from 200,000 LL to 1,000,000LL are imposed on violators. Major and repeated traffic offences call for imprisonment and confiscation of vehicle and licenses.

If citizens of Lebanon strictly follow the comprehensive set of traffic rules fatality rate can be reduced.

A change in the attitude of drivers, strict implementation of the rules and a better understanding of safety issues is essential.

Many organizations have been formed to create an awareness of road safety among the people and drivers.