Tag Archives: road safety rules

What To Do When A School Bus Catches Fire

Bus transportation is considered as one of the safest modes of transit for students. But, a fire resulting from a collision or failure of a component puts lives at risk and can have an enormous impact on operational costs as well.

There are diverse reasons that can cause fire in a school bus – due to mechanical failures, wires got loose and rub against engine parts, overload of circuit boards, explosion of tires or even leaks that release inflammatory fluids.

Read Also: 10 School Bus Pre-Trip Inspection Checklist

In most cases, school bus fires start in the engine area, running gear, or wheel area of the vehicle. Studies analyze that the most frequent cause of ignition was failure of equipment or heat source.

Along with transporting students safe to and from school, school bus drivers and attendees may have to handle even certain emergency situations such as a bus crash, accident or fire.


In such a situation, they are responsible to supervise all students and follow procedures for the appropriate release of students

According to the U.S. government statistics, on an average – 379 school bus fires happen each year, though deaths are rare from such fire incidents.

Drivers in school bus must be well trained by the school district board to take immediate action, if they doubt any smoke or fire in any portion of the bus or even if the bus is near an existing fire and they are unable to move the bus away.

In such a scenario, take quick actions such as

  • Stop the bus in a safe area
  • Vacate the bus
  • Call Bus Dispatch number
  • Use fire extinguisher

Evacuate the bus

Organize students for a transfer to another school bus. School bus fire evacuation drills and training is important for drivers to rescue students from a burning bus.

Such drills can also help students to stay prepared in safely escaping from the bus. Students will be able to know when and how to evacuate as well as the relevance of evacuating in an orderly way.

Read Also: School Bus Transportation Security – 18 Practices to Follow

To evacuate the bus, drivers should –

  • Call for bus dispatch, shut off motor, set brake and remove key
  • Decide the right evacuation route, which ever you think is appropriate – let that be exit door, front or side doors, roof hatch or even windows.
  • Ensure that the attendees are helping students to get off safely and assemble everyone together
  • In case of time shortage, instruct students to leave their bags and other personal belongings on the bus and make sure that everyone has left
  • Leave the bus only after all the students leave and remember to take your cell phone as well as the first aid kit
  • Follow the correct student release procedures and do not re-enter the bus until recommended by the authorities
  • Follow correct transfer procedures, in case if you are transferring students to another bus. Ask them to move to that bus in an orderly manner, drivers should stay alert until the transfer is complete.
  • Designate older students to help the young ones in evacuation

Use fire suppression systems

Fire suppression systems can help to extinguish fire immediately. Such advanced systems release a mist or powder to extinguish the fire, when the temperature reaches a certain level.

Installation and testing of such fire suppression systems in engine compartments is now getting mandatory in buses as well as coaches.

These systems –

  • Provide extra time for students with disabilities to leave the bus
  • Can put out fire for rear-engine buses, even before driver might be aware of the incident

Maintenance staff and supervisors should also undergo thorough training during installation of such systems.

Read Also: School Bus Drivers Training – 10 Tips For City Driving

School districts can take certain steps to prevent such incidents such as replacing old buses with new ones, either by purchasing them or by getting benefits from a lease program.

Drivers should be recommended to inspect their school buses daily before every trip, check for leaks and make sure that all exit doors open perfectly, making the bus ready for any such emergency situations.

8 Road Safety Tips For Pedestrians

Pedestrians also have the responsibility to follow certain traffic rules while on road. Your behaviour should not be the reason for any casualty. Try to be more attentive to your surroundings and follow the rules, as pedestrians your eyes and ears are your best tools for keeping you safe.


  • Don’t jaywalk
  • Use sidewalks as much as possible, if not walk facing the traffic signal to know your surroundings
  • Mind the signs and signals
  • Use pedestrian crossings to cross the road
  • Before crossing the road look both sides to make sure there aren’t any vehicles
  • While on road do not text, play or hear music. Avoid distractions as much as possible
  • When you’re with children try to make sure they are not walking by the side of the road. Always maintain 3 feet distance from the road
  • During harsh weathers or at night, try to wear light coloured clothing so that you are visible.
Road Safety Tips For Pedestrians

Road Safety Rules In The Netherlands

The Netherlands is a country where cyclists form a quarter of its traffic along with cars, buses, trams, trucks and trains.

With an enormous number of cyclists on the road, driving can be a challenge. The Netherlands Transport Ministry issues road safety rules and regulations for both motorists and cyclists.

Read Also: Driving Rules You Need To Follow In The USA

Driver’s License

  • The minimum age requirement for obtaining a Dutch driving license for cars is 17 years.
  • A moped driving license can be obtained by drivers aged 16 and above.
  • The learner has essentially to pass a compulsory theory exam and a final practical exam from the Central Office of Driving Certification (CBR).
  • Before the final practical exam, learners have to perform an intermediate practical exam in stopping, turning and parking.
  • High-speed bicycles with speed limits of 45km/h are required to have number plates. The riders should possess moped driving licenses.

Speed Limits

  • In general, the speed limits are 50 km/h on the city roads (urban areas) and 80 km/h on other rural roads.
  • The maximum speed allowed on expressways is 100 km/h and on motorways is 130 km/h
  • Traffic fines are imposed for speed violations. Speeding above the limits by 3-4 km/h is not fined on most of the roads. On roads where the speed limit is 130 km/h, there is no margin for violation. Even speed of 1 km/h above the limit is fined.
  • The speed is limited to 30 km/h within built-up areas and 40 km/h outside built-up areas on bicycle or moped tracks.
  • If excessive speeds are detected, the driver incurs on-the-spot fines.

Road Signs

  • Priority signs are those that indicate Stop, Start and End of Priority Roads, Give Way.
  • Warning signs indicate No Entry, Entry Closed to Cycles, Mopeds and Trucks; those that ban entry of vehicles exceeding specified lengths.
  • Instruction signs are those that ask to Drive Ahead, Keep Right, Turn Right, etc.
  • Warning signs indicate the presence of Hills, Curves, School Crossings, Tram Crossings, Road Closures, etc.

Read Also: Road Safety Rules In Australia

Traffic Lights

  • Traffic lights follow the sequence of red, amber, green. An illuminated arrow alongside traffic lights indicates that vehicles can turn only in the direction of the arrow.
  • Signals with an illuminated picture of a bicycle pertain to bicycle/moped riders.
  • Signs stating ‘Right turn clear for bicycles and mopeds’ implies the amber and red lights do not apply to them and they can turn right.
  • Traffic lights for buses and trams follow the white, amber, red sequence where the flashing white light indicates that they can proceed.
  • At pedestrian crossings, a green light shows that they can cross; flashing green light warns that the light might turn to red soon and red light prevents pedestrians from crossing.

Safety Rules

  • Drivers and all passengers in the car should wear seat-belts.
  • Children below the age of 5 and below the height of 1.35m should be seated on safety seats at the rear of the car.
  • Helmets are to be worn by motorcyclists.
  • Mobile phones can be used only with a hands-free device. Holding a mobile phone while driving is also considered an offence.

Road Rules

  • The Dutch drive their vehicles keeping to the right side of the road. They are expected to keep to the extreme right of the road.
  • Overtaking of vehicles is permitted from the left. Cyclists have to overtake other cyclists from the left. Trams may be overtaken from the right. Vehicles entering a roundabout may overtake from the right.
  • Drinking and driving is illegal. Drivers who have been in possession of a license for five years or longer are permitted an alcohol level of a maximum of 50 mg/100 ml of blood. If one has held a license for less than five years the tolerance level is 20 mg/100 ml. The alcohol level allowed for scooter and moped drivers under the age of 24 is 20 mg/100 ml.
  • The DUI law makes operation of a vehicle with even a small amount of (detectable) specific drugs in one’s system illegal. This offence could lead to imprisonment and suspension of licenses for up to five years.
  • Traffic, including cyclists, approaching from the right has to be given priority unless signs indicate otherwise.
  • Trams are to be given priority over all other traffic except in areas where sign-posts mention otherwise.
  • Drivers reversing, performing U-turns, exiting and entering roads must give way to other vehicles at all times.
  • Drivers are not permitted to execute U-turns or reverse on motorways and highways.
  • Trailers and heavy vehicles are restricted to using the two right innermost lanes.
  • Dipped headlights have to be used after dark and in poor visibility conditions.
  • In cities and built-up areas, headlights can be flashed if necessary; horns can be used only in dangerous situations.
  • Pedestrians should walk on the pedestrian tracks. Pedestrians should familiarize themselves with the network of bicycle paths as most often they resemble foot-paths.
  • Cyclists are allowed to ride two abreast. 

Read Also: 30 Essential Road Safety Rules in India


  • P-Zones are parking areas, most of which are metered. Areas with parking meters allow vehicles to be parked for 1-2 hours on paying the charges.
  • Blue-zone parking in urban areas permits parking on display of time-stamped traffic disc. The discs can be obtained from motor clubs and police stations.
  • Parking garages allow parking on payment of charges.
  • Park and Ride spaces are organized parking spaces outside the city limits. Drivers park in these spaces and use public transport to their destinations.
  • Alongside ‘no parking’ signs, rectangular signs indicate times when parking is restricted in such areas.
  • Parking is prohibited within five meters from intersections, outside built-up areas, on broken yellow lines and in places obstructing exits and entrances.
  • Cycles and mopeds are to be parked on pavements, footpaths and areas specifically assigned for parking.
  • Disabled drivers and invalid carriages are exempted from parking restrictions.
  • Despite traffic rules, traffic jams are a major occurrence during peak times. The narrow inner roads get congested and traffic spills over on to main highways.
  • Being wary of cycle riders, while driving, slows the drivers. The government maximizes its efforts to see that the roads are made safer and the drivers are therefore happier.

Road Safety Rules In Australia – All You Need To Know

Australian driving rules ensure that drivers of all ages drive in the safest possible way. The stringent requirements from obtaining a driving license, detailed traffic signs, driving rules and safety regulations are instituted to assure safer driving habits amongst its drivers.

Australians drive keeping to the left of the road. This is different from some other countries. An overview of the traffic rules and regulations are detailed as follows.

Read Also: Driving Rules You Need To Follow In The USA

Obtaining a Driving License

  • The minimum age requirement to obtain a driving license in Australia is 16 years. After passing the test one is qualified for a Learner’s Permit on which he is permitted to drive for two years.
  • On completion of driving for a minimum of 12 months on a Learner’s Permit, he is eligible to apply for Provisional License – P1.  
  • A driver qualifies for the Provisional License – P2 when he is 18 years and above and has held P1 license for a minimum period of 1 year.
  • Anyone who is 20 years or older is eligible for the Full Driving License provided he has completed 2 years of driving on his P2 License.

Speed Limits

  • The maximum speed limit outside built-up areas is 100 km/h and within built-up areas is 50 km/h.
  • Speed limits of 25 km/h are imposed at school crossings and koala crossings. This speed limit is applicable when passing school buses that have stopped for picking or dropping students or passing emergency vehicles with their lights flashing. In some residential areas, speed limits have been fixed at 40 km/h.
  • In shared zones where both pedestrians and vehicles are permitted, the speed has to be kept to a minimum of 10 km/h.
  • Racing and over-speeding are prohibited on the roads. The police confiscate number plates which is equivalent to impounding of the vehicle.

Road Signs

  • Regulatory – Signs that must be obeyed: Stop; Give way, Speed Limit, No Right/ Left turn.
  • Warning – Signs that warn of impending hazards or unusual feature on the road: Speed advice at curves and bends, etc.
  • Direction – Signs that provide information to the driver: distances to places, directions to towns and roads, emergency services, lay-bys, telephones, etc.
  • Temporary – Signs that caution the driver about work on the road, closed lanes or detours.

Traffic Lanes

  • A continuous white lane line should not be crossed unless to overtake a cyclist or to avoid any other obstruction.
  • Bus lanes are denoted by signs. This is for buses, bicycles, taxis and emergency vehicles during the times mentioned on the signs. •    ‘Bus Only’ lanes are painted with a red box with ‘Bus Only’ written in white.  The lanes are marked by a continuous red line alongside the white lane marking.
  • Bicycle lanes are colored green and are designated for the exclusive use of bicycle riders.
  • Transit Lanes are indicated by signs T2 and T3. T2 can be used by any vehicle with two or more passengers including the driver and T3 can be used by vehicles with three or more passengers including the driver. 

Traffic Lights

  • Traffic lights follow the sequence of red, yellow, green.
  • Most of the traffic lights have arrow lights at the intersections. At a red arrow light, you are not allowed to turn in the direction of the arrow. Yellow arrow cautions the driver about the turn of lights preparing him to stop. Green arrow light permits turn in the direction of the arrow.
  • When traffic lights are not functional, the rule of Giving Way to the Right or at a T-intersection has to be obeyed wherever applicable.
  • Signs stating ‘Turn left when the lights are red’ allows the driver to turn left before the lights turn to green after giving way to pedestrians and other vehicles.
  • Flashing yellow light signals the driver to proceed with caution.
  • White ‘T’ light is an indication to a tram driver and ‘B’ light is an indication to the bus driver that they may continue to drive or proceed. 
  • Red/Green bicycle lights with symbols indicate to cyclists whether to stop, proceed or wait.
  • U-turns cannot be made at all intersections unless there is a sign permitting U-turn.
  • Bicycle storage area or bike box is an area on the road with bicycle symbols painted on it. This area will be painted green. Vehicles are not allowed to enter the storage area when the lights are red.

Safety Rules

  • Seat belts are to be worn by the driver and all passengers while the vehicle is in motion.
  • Children between the ages of 6 months to 7 years are to be seated on rear passenger seats. An infant restraint or a child safety seat with harness has to be used.
  • A child of any age with a medical condition or disability is allowed to sit on the front seat. They should be properly restrained and the driver should carry a medical certificate.
  • Cyclists, moped and motor scooter drivers are required to wear a helmet and appropriate riding gear.
  • Usage of mobile phones while driving is not allowed.


  • Headlights, rear lights and number plate lights are to be turned on when driving in the dark or when visibility is poor
  • Driving with only park lights is considered to be an offence.
  • Headlights can be momentarily flashed on high beam to indicate overtaking.
  • Lights should be dipped within 200 m of an oncoming vehicle and while nearing the rear of a vehicle.
  • Hazard lights can be used by drivers in bad weather and to warn other drivers of obstructions.

Driving Rules

  • It is illegal to drive under the influence of alcohol, drugs or other prescription medicines which impair driving skills. The blood alcohol level should not be in excess of 0.05 %.
  • Australia follows a zero-tolerance policy for drivers on Provisional Licenses. Zero tolerance is applicable to drivers of taxis, buses and heavy vehicles.
  • It is advisable to check the local weather conditions if driving long distances. Bush-fires, floods, cyclones could happen anytime.
  • Overtaking is permitted only where the centre line marking is a single broken line.
  • While overtaking a road train, allow plenty of distance as the wind rush will pull the vehicle towards it.
  • Where lanes are not marked, the driver should drive near the left side of the road.
  • Double unbroken lines can be crossed only in cases of hazards like an accident or fallen tree or when a car is parked illegally.
  • Give way signs are an integral part of Australian traffic rules. It is important to give way to pedestrians, bicycle riders, buses, trams and trains, vehicles at intersections and roundabouts. Giving way indicates slowing down or if necessary stopping to allow vehicles to proceed safely avoiding collisions.
  • Freeways or expressways allow movement of vehicles at speeds higher than on normal roads. The right lane must be freed for overtaking. A safe distance from other vehicles has to be maintained at all times. Drivers have to be alert as traffic from behind may move at very high speeds.
  • A vehicle is not permitted to make U-turns or reverse on a freeway. They are not permitted to stop or park unless in cases of emergencies. Pedestrians, cyclists, animal-drawn vehicles and animals are prohibited from using freeways.
  • Horns must be used only to warn pedestrians and other vehicles of dangers.

Parking Rules

  • Parking signs are displayed showing the time duration for which a vehicle can be parked on specific days.
  • Parking for more than 2 minutes in a No Parking Zone is not allowed. The driver has to remain in or within 3 m of the vehicle if he does stop in this zone.
  • Pay parking sign allows parking for the duration shown on the signs provided the charges are paid.
  • While parking on a hill or a curve it has to be ensured that the vehicle is visible to an oncoming vehicle from 100 m away.

Read Also: 30 Essential Road Safety Rules in India

On-the-spot fines, demerit points, suspension and disqualification of licenses act as deterrents to the violation of traffic regulations.  Adhering to the set of traffic rules makes driving easier and the roads safer.

Road Traffic Safety Rules In Lebanon – All You Need To Know

Lebanon has a population of 60, 00000 people of which 85% live in the urban areas. Lack of an efficient public transport system has resulted in an increase in passenger car vehicles on the road…  

Irresponsible and negligent driving is the main cause of approximately 1200 deaths a year in traffic accidents alone. Poor road infrastructure also contributes to this statistic.

Traffic rules for drivers as well as pedestrians have been stipulated by the Government. But the authorities have been lax in implementing them.

The following are the rules to ensure driver discipline and safety on the roads.

Read Also: 10 Road Safety Tips That Can Save Your Life

Driving License Issuance

  • Driving in Lebanon is on the right-hand side of the road.
  • The minimum age to obtain a driving license in Lebanon is 18 years.
  • A driver needs to be 23 years to rent a car, Minimum age to drive commercial vehicles is set at 21 and  school buses at 25
  • Driving Licenses are issued after the candidate passes a mandatory written and practical driving test. They are renewed every 10 years.

Driver rules

  • Drivers are to carry a valid driver’s license, registration and insurance documents while driving.
  • Drivers cannot drive motor vehicles without registration and license
  • Drivers cannot drive an impounded vehicle.
  • Drivers should comply with the traffic lights, should not overrun the red signal  and stop when required
  • Drivers should give way to aged and disabled persons and students.
  • They should give priority to ambulances, fire engines, police and other government vehicles.
  • Drivers should not use radar detection methods.
  • Drivers should not drive under fatigue.
  • Drivers should not block intersections.
  • They should give preference to vehicles inside of a roundabout.
  • They should refrain from making illegal U-turns and performing acrobatics on the road

Speed limit

  • Speed limits set by the road safety authorities in Lebanon is a maximum of 50kph in urban areas and 100kph in rural areas.  
  • Driving under the speed limit by 20Km/h is not allowed.
  • Driving over the speed limit by 60km/h attracts maximum fine, vehicle seizure and a jail term.
  • Over-speeding, racing and dangerous driving are not allowed and are punishable offences.

Drink/Drug driving

  • Driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs is prohibited.
  • Even though the legal limit in drinking and driving is 0.5g/l, the authorities have adopted 0% tolerance towards driving after drinking.
  •  A graded fining system exists for driving under the influence of blood alcohol concentration levels of 0.5-0.8g/l, 0.8-1g/l, and for above 1g/l heavy fines, seizure of vehicle and jail term is imposed.
  • No open alcohol containers are permitted in a vehicle on road.

Vehicle safety rules

  • Seat belts are compulsory for both front and rear passengers in all vehicles.
  • Helmets are compulsory for cyclists and motor-cycle riders.
  • Cyclists should use side mirrors.
  • Cars should not have dark tinted windows.
  • Vehicles on the road should have their light on at all times.
  • Using mobile phones while driving is prohibited. A hands-free system can be used.
  • Signal lights and high beam lights are to be used only when necessary.
  • Hazard lights have to be switched on when the vehicle is broken down or when there is an obstruction on the road.
  • Hazard triangle in the vehicle is mandatory.
  • Dangling any part of the body outside while the vehicle is in motion is not allowed.
  • Registration plates have to be displayed clearly on the vehicles.

Passenger restrictions

  • Children under the age of 5 years have to be seated and buckled in a car seat.
  • Children under the age of 10 years should not be seated in the front seat and should not be transported on motor cycles

Parking regulations

  • On-street parking is normally allowed for a maximum of two hours.
  • Vehicles should not be parked in no-parking zones, pedestrian walkways and crossings or in slots reserved for the disabled.
  • Vehicles for sale should not be displayed or parked in public parking spaces.

Accident rules

  • A vehicle involved in an accident has to be moved to the side of the road
  • Causing accidents, not stopping immediately or performing a hit and run attract heavy fines, seizure of vehicles and jail terms.

Read Also: 8 Road Safety Tips for Motorists 

Pollution rules

  • Vehicles with carbon emission beyond the legal limits are penalized.
  • Noise pollution and Littering are not permitted.

Pedestrian rules

  • They have to respect the traffic signal lights and use the pedestrian crossings
  • They are to use assigned bridges and tunnels to cross busy roads.
  • Entering and exiting vehicles 25 meters close to intersections, signals or roundabouts in not permitted.

Violation of each one of the above traffic rules in Lebanon is a punishable offence.

Fines ranging from 200,000 LL to 1,000,000LL are imposed on violators. Major and repeated traffic offences call for imprisonment and confiscation of vehicle and licenses.

If citizens of Lebanon strictly follow the comprehensive set of traffic rules fatality rate can be reduced.

A change in the attitude of drivers, strict implementation of the rules and a better understanding of safety issues is essential.

Many organizations have been formed to create an awareness of road safety among the people and drivers.

8 Road Safety Tips for Motorists – [Infographics]

Road safety tips for motorists are crucial for all of us when we hit the road with our wheels. As we can’t predict what is going to happen, hence it is wise to take precautions all the time. Accidents are the topmost things which await daily riders.

Each of us is responsible for road safety as well as our own safety. Whether a car driver, truck or lorry driver, a motorist, a cyclist or a pedestrian, he/she must follow the rules and regulations that are necessary. Road users must have patience and should be always alert and careful on the road and ought to be kind to other road users.

Unfortunately, bike accidents can and do happens. Dangerous roads, faulty gear, negligent driving, etc can lead to unsafe situations. But there are several ways which can help them to keep themselves safe and secure on road. The main or the key thing that every motorist must take care of is they must follow all the rules and regulations and safety tips that are essential for them.

Here we are showcasing certain safety tips for motorists in the form of an infographic.

Road Safety Tips for Motorists_info


Road Safety Rules: Every School Must Know


Driving is fragmentary without safety norms and regulations. Nevertheless, India is a country with diverse cultures, religion, and beliefs.  Road safety rules India are designed to suite the interests of every citizen irrespective of their religion or culture. Arguably, enforcing the safety rules can be an immense challenge for you. Hence, it is wiser to teach children regarding the essential road safety rules right from the school age.

The following are the major road safety rules in India that you should carefully consider:

  • He or she should be a citizen of India
  • Only the person above 18 years is permitted to drive on Indian roads. And the age should be clearly shown in his/her driving license
  • Usage of mobile phones is prohibited as it results in road accidents
  • No person is allowed to drink and drive since it is found to be a deadly combination
  • Seat belts should be utilized while driving, especially drivers and the people who sits in the front seat of a vehicle
  • Never blow the horn unnecessarily, especially in places such as hospitals and schools
  • Every vehicle should follow their respective speed limits. For a car, the speed limit is 60km/hr and the speed limit for buses is 40km/hr. Meanwhile, those who do not follow the speed limits should pay heavy penalties to the relevant authorities
  • Red light jumping is considered as a serious offence. A person who is caught for this violation should pay heavy fines or license is taken back by the authorities
  • Be extra cautious, especially when you pass schools as kids cross the road carelessly
  • Cross the road at the zebra crossings
  • Wear helmets while driving a bicycle or motorbikes. The violation of this rule may either result in surrendering the license or pay hefty fines
  • As per traffic rules, all cyclists should share the left side of the road while fast moving vehicles share the right side of the road
  • Obey the sign boards, which is usually planted on the side of the road 

Here follows certain rules that should be followed by pedestrians:

  • Every pedestrian should walk on the footpath and not in the middle of the road
  • Follow the usual road crossing procedure- “Look right, then left and right again”. And cross the road once it is clear
  • Always walk on the left side of the road
  • Utilize the zebra crossing for crossing the road

Here follows the road safety rules for bus commuters:

  • A bus commuter should compulsorily board the bus at the bus stop
  • No bus driver should stop the bus for the passenger in the middle of the road 
  • If the bus is crowded, never hang on the bus as it is dangerous and patiently wait for another bus 

Ordinarily, the above road safety rules and regulations are designed for ensuring road safety of the Indian citizens. As a matter of fact, even a slight carelessness can destroy your valuable life and henceforth, it is sensible to follow the safety rules. 

For inculcating road and civic sense in Indian citizens, you can organise awareness programs that train them to be extra sensitive. Moreover, safety rules can be successfully enforced only when people understand its importance, be empathetic to other citizens, and consequently, an urge to follow rules comes within them. Being a proud Indian, it is your duty to follow every set of rules designed by the Government of India.

Road Safety Checklist for School Buses


Schools have always been implementing all essential measures to ensure the safety of the students. However, in a hurry to implement the measures, they happen to miss out something at the end, thus leading to fatalities. The best way to tackle this issue is by creating a road safety checklist for school buses.

Here is what you must include in your checklist:

    1. Braking Systems of School Bus

    Here are the steps to check the efficiency of braking systems:

    Step 1: Check whether the air pressure is at maximum while starting the school bus     and also make sure that air pressure remains constant when you switch off the     vehicle engine

    Step 2: Press and hold the brake pedal in such a way that it drops a little and then it     remains constant

    Step 3: If the pressure goes on decreasing, it indicates that the braking system is      having an air leak 

    Step 4: Start the school bus and pump the brake till the pressure becomes half of the     braking system. The low pressure indicator must produce a buzzing sound as well as     a flashing light

    Step 5: Make sure that air pressure adjusts and recharge to the maximum

    Step 6: Braking system should be checked on a weekly basis

    2.  Tyres of School Bus

  • Tyre pressure should be adjusted according to manufacturer's specification, that is, based on the load being carried by the vehicle
  • Tread pattern of tyre must be consistent and  tread depth must not be less than 1mm
  • Tyres must have same size and type on the same isle
  • Ensure that dual wheel tyres never make wall contact, never have same size, and its air pressure must be within specified limits
  • It is essential that tyres on a dual wheel makes ground contact on a flat surface especially, when the vehicle is unladen
  • Examine the lumps, cracks and bulges in the side walls of school bus tyres. Also, make sure that there is no hindrance between dual wheels

    3. Steering of Bus

  • Steering must function freely from lock to lock
  • Ensure that the power steering reservoir is full
  • Check for stone damage and leaks in pipes
  • School bus undercarriage should be checked routinely for any oil or fluid leakage  
  • Ensure that the steering wheel of the school bus does not have any crack in it

   4. Windscreen, Windows and Wiper blades of School Bus

  • Check whether the windscreen, wiper blades and windows are in proper condition. Immediately repair if it is clouded or cracked anywhere as it hinders the driver's view of the road
  • Windscreen and windows must be clearly recognised as safety glass
  • Make sure that side glass of the school bus is not cracked, which may obstruct the driver's view
  • Ensure that at least one wiper in front of the bus works properly

 5. Lights

  • Check whether the headlights, front and rear park lamps, tail lamp, stop lamp, hazard lamp and reverse lamps of the school bus work 
  • Ensure that all peripheral devices like reflectors are in working condition 

6. Bodywork

  • Make sure that bolt-on accessories like bumpers, mirrors, etc. are not damaged 
  • Ensure that the overhead storage racks are not overloaded
  • Emergency exits must be made visible

If school bus safety is your priority, ensure that all the above mentioned things are checked before the school bus starts its journey. 

    “Safety is more important than convenience”

Road Safety Tips for Different Types of Road Users


A historic move towards reducing the number of traffic accidents by fifty percent all over the world was taken by the 2200 delegates from various countries at the Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety dated November 25, 2015. India was a part of this key initiative which aimed to rethink its stand on the transport policies and to revamp them to favour sustainable modes of transport over other means. 

The key concerns are enforcement of road safety rules and regulations for the larger benefit of the people in a society facing challenges like increased transportation and lack of public awareness.  Road safety tips taken at the appropriate situations and by people can reduce the accident rates considerably. 

Read Also: 

Is Road Safety Education Necessary for Children

Road safety rules and regulations have outlined the measures to reduce the risk of civilians getting injured or killed while on roads. Road users include motorists, passengers, pedestrians, cyclists, public transport users, etc. 

1. Tips for motorists

The roads are built primarily for the transport of motor vehicles and the first priority goes to them, but not always.

a. Obey Road safety rules and regulations stipulated for motor vehicles at all times

b. Look for the traffic signs before you cross signals 

c. Drive within the speed limits prescribed. Ideally one should drive at approximately not more than 30 kmph near busy places such as markets and residential areas

d. Don’t forget to wear helmets while driving. Helmets should be ISI marked and buckled properly

e. Keep vehicle fit. A sudden breakdown of the vehicle while on the road can cause hardships not only to you but also to fellow road users and traffic personnel. Besides, towing a four wheeler to a garage for maintenance works from the middle of the road can cost you a lot. This can be avoided if you regularly check and take care of your vehicle.

f. Stop or slow your vehicle and allow the pedestrians to cross roads at unmanned / unsignalled Zebra crossings

g. Always wear seat belts while driving four wheelers 

h. Avoid rash/negligent driving

i. Don’t drink and drive. It can lead to death

j. Avoid using mobile phones while driving. It is not advisable to talk on mobile even when stopping at signals. Accidents are more common when motorists tend to ride fast at the signals when it turns green. They often tend to ignore the oncoming vehicles or the signal changes while talking on the mobile. In case you want to pick up an urgent call, park the vehicle to the side of the road and put the brake lights on, and allow other motorists to pass by. 

k. While crossing unmanned railway lines, be sure to think of safety first. 

l. It is ideal for taxis, school buses, auto rickshaws etc. which need to alight or drop passengers to keep to the left of the road so as to not cause discomfort to other road users. Also, put on the brake lights before stopping so that the vehicles behind can avoid a collision. 

m. Install GPS trackers and monitors. You can avoid stopping at every turns and asking for the right directions to other road users. Such actions can cause trouble for other road users and tend to consume your precious time and fuel. 

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2. Tips for pedestrians:

a. Use sidewalks wherever possible.

b. Always use zebra markings to cross the road

c. Don’t text while walking

d. Avoid playing games while on busy roads. A simple moment of distraction can lead to disasters. For example, the virtual game Pokemon Go has caused around 1, 10,000 deaths in the first 10 days of its release in U.S. With the virtual reality games coming up in developing countries with poorer road conditions and reduced enforcement of traffic rules primarily due to lack of adequate personnel.,  the numbers might still be higher. 

e. Jaywalking should be avoided. 

f. While travelling with children, hold their hands firmly and keep them close 

g. Teach young kids about road safety rules and regulations so that they can understand and follow them

h. Set the right example for children by following the road safety rules

5 Simple Ways India Can Improve Road Safety


Have you ever wondered why road accidents are more in India? It is a known fact that road accidents are the leading cause of deaths in India. Indian roads are a nightmare for drivers. Majority of Indian roads are in miserable condition and  during rainy season, they are completely catastrophic.

According to the 2014 survey, it was found that most of the road related deaths in India are caused by humps, speed breakers, and potholes. 11, 400 people died due to pathetic road conditions and about 4100 people died as a result of crashes on the roads undergoing repairs or construction works.

Here are the 5 simple ways by which road safety in India can be improved:

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1. Proper construction of roads

If the roads are constructed with space for pavements, bus bays, and smoother bends, chances for road accidents will be reduced. Ditches are a chronic problem that spoils Indian roads. They should be immediately taken care of.  This will considerably reduce the accident rates and extra expenses on road repairs.

2.   Implementation of the road safety laws

Quite often, road accidents are caused by violation of road safety rules. When rules are strictly implemented, this problem can be solved easily. Placing police officials at various points may not work every time. Instead, you can seek the aid of traffic technologies such as ticket analysers, speed guns, and breath analysers. 

3.  Monitoring of roads

When you start monitoring the roads through CCTV cameras, certain traffic violations such as violating speed limits, motorcyclists without helmets, people not following road safety rules, etc. can be reduced, as they have a feeling that they are being watched. 

Otherwise, you can replace obsolete systems with modern traffic solutions. Some of the benefits of using modern technologies in traffic are as follows:

  • Cost effective
  • Save energy and manual labour
  • Smoother operations
  • Improve road safety

4. Quick response time

Usually when an accident happens, the response time is too long, which eventually leads to the death of the victim. The system being slow and disorganized, there is a chance for more casualties.

If the CCTV cameras are integrated with intelligent solutions, traffic officials will be able to get real-time data and with that information, they can take immediate action at emergency situations. Road safety awareness can also help traffic and transportation departments to smoothly overcome the adverse situations on the road.

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5. Phone booths and health centres

Though people have smart phones in their possession, they often face network issue. Poor network is a common issue found in highways. Hence, phone booths can be of great help to people as they can quickly contact the relevant authorities, especially, in the case of accidents. 

A health centre can be constructed on highways that help you to provide first aid to accident victims before admitting them to the hospital. In addition to this, you can also arrange mobile emergency services for highways in order to reduce the road accident rates and thereby, enhance road safety.

Implementation of technology on Indian roads can help you to have a safe and smoother public transit service. Cities and suburbs are increasing in number, and so is the number of vehicles on the road. Receiving road safety education at the right time will also help to improve road safety. Road safety education must be made a part of school curriculum. Also, conducting awareness programs for people will help you to achieve the road safety goal.