Tag Archives: Road Safety Rules in India

Road Safety Rules: Every School Must Know

 

Driving is fragmentary without safety norms and regulations. Nevertheless, India is a country with diverse cultures, religion, and beliefs.  Road safety rules India are designed to suite the interests of every citizen irrespective of their religion or culture. Arguably, enforcing the safety rules can be an immense challenge for you. Hence, it is wiser to teach children regarding the essential road safety rules right from the school age.

The following are the major road safety rules in India that you should carefully consider:

  • He or she should be a citizen of India
  • Only the person above 18 years is permitted to drive on Indian roads. And the age should be clearly shown in his/her driving license
  • Usage of mobile phones is prohibited as it results in road accidents
  • No person is allowed to drink and drive since it is found to be a deadly combination
  • Seat belts should be utilized while driving, especially drivers and the people who sits in the front seat of a vehicle
  • Never blow the horn unnecessarily, especially in places such as hospitals and schools
  • Every vehicle should follow their respective speed limits. For a car, the speed limit is 60km/hr and the speed limit for buses is 40km/hr. Meanwhile, those who do not follow the speed limits should pay heavy penalties to the relevant authorities
  • Red light jumping is considered as a serious offence. A person who is caught for this violation should pay heavy fines or license is taken back by the authorities
  • Be extra cautious, especially when you pass schools as kids cross the road carelessly
  • Cross the road at the zebra crossings
  • Wear helmets while driving a bicycle or motorbikes. The violation of this rule may either result in surrendering the license or pay hefty fines
  • As per traffic rules, all cyclists should share the left side of the road while fast moving vehicles share the right side of the road
  • Obey the sign boards, which is usually planted on the side of the road 

Here follows certain rules that should be followed by pedestrians:

  • Every pedestrian should walk on the footpath and not in the middle of the road
  • Follow the usual road crossing procedure- “Look right, then left and right again”. And cross the road once it is clear
  • Always walk on the left side of the road
  • Utilize the zebra crossing for crossing the road

Here follows the road safety rules for bus commuters:

  • A bus commuter should compulsorily board the bus at the bus stop
  • No bus driver should stop the bus for the passenger in the middle of the road 
  • If the bus is crowded, never hang on the bus as it is dangerous and patiently wait for another bus 

Ordinarily, the above road safety rules and regulations are designed for ensuring road safety of the Indian citizens. As a matter of fact, even a slight carelessness can destroy your valuable life and henceforth, it is sensible to follow the safety rules. 

For inculcating road and civic sense in Indian citizens, you can organise awareness programs that train them to be extra sensitive. Moreover, safety rules can be successfully enforced only when people understand its importance, be empathetic to other citizens, and consequently, an urge to follow rules comes within them. Being a proud Indian, it is your duty to follow every set of rules designed by the Government of India.

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Road Safety Tips for Different Types of Road Users

 

A historic move towards reducing the number of traffic accidents by fifty percent all over the world was taken by the 2200 delegates from various countries at the Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety dated November 25, 2015. India was a part of this key initiative which aimed to rethink its stand on the transport policies and to revamp them to favour sustainable modes of transport over other means. 

The key concerns are enforcement of road safety rules and regulations for the larger benefit of the people in a society facing challenges like increased transportation and lack of public awareness.  Road safety tips taken at the appropriate situations and by people can reduce the accident rates considerably. 

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Road safety rules and regulations have outlined the measures to reduce the risk of civilians getting injured or killed while on roads. Road users include motorists, passengers, pedestrians, cyclists, public transport users, etc. 

1. Tips for motorists

The roads are built primarily for the transport of motor vehicles and the first priority goes to them, but not always.

a. Obey Road safety rules and regulations stipulated for motor vehicles at all times

b. Look for the traffic signs before you cross signals 

c. Drive within the speed limits prescribed. Ideally one should drive at approximately not more than 30 kmph near busy places such as markets and residential areas

d. Don’t forget to wear helmets while driving. Helmets should be ISI marked and buckled properly

e. Keep vehicle fit. A sudden breakdown of the vehicle while on the road can cause hardships not only to you but also to fellow road users and traffic personnel. Besides, towing a four wheeler to a garage for maintenance works from the middle of the road can cost you a lot. This can be avoided if you regularly check and take care of your vehicle.

f. Stop or slow your vehicle and allow the pedestrians to cross roads at unmanned / unsignalled Zebra crossings

g. Always wear seat belts while driving four wheelers 

h. Avoid rash/negligent driving

i. Don’t drink and drive. It can lead to death

j. Avoid using mobile phones while driving. It is not advisable to talk on mobile even when stopping at signals. Accidents are more common when motorists tend to ride fast at the signals when it turns green. They often tend to ignore the oncoming vehicles or the signal changes while talking on the mobile. In case you want to pick up an urgent call, park the vehicle to the side of the road and put the brake lights on, and allow other motorists to pass by. 

k. While crossing unmanned railway lines, be sure to think of safety first. 

l. It is ideal for taxis, school buses, auto rickshaws etc. which need to alight or drop passengers to keep to the left of the road so as to not cause discomfort to other road users. Also, put on the brake lights before stopping so that the vehicles behind can avoid a collision. 

m. Install GPS trackers and monitors. You can avoid stopping at every turns and asking for the right directions to other road users. Such actions can cause trouble for other road users and tend to consume your precious time and fuel. 

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2. Tips for pedestrians:

a. Use sidewalks wherever possible.

b. Always use zebra markings to cross the road

c. Don’t text while walking

d. Avoid playing games while on busy roads. A simple moment of distraction can lead to disasters. For example, the virtual game Pokemon Go has caused around 1, 10,000 deaths in the first 10 days of its release in U.S. With the virtual reality games coming up in developing countries with poorer road conditions and reduced enforcement of traffic rules primarily due to lack of adequate personnel.,  the numbers might still be higher. 

e. Jaywalking should be avoided. 

f. While travelling with children, hold their hands firmly and keep them close 

g. Teach young kids about road safety rules and regulations so that they can understand and follow them

h. Set the right example for children by following the road safety rules

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5 Simple Ways India Can Improve Road Safety

 

Have you ever wondered why road accidents are more in India? It is a known fact that road accidents are the leading cause of deaths in India. Indian roads are a nightmare for drivers. Majority of Indian roads are in miserable condition and  during rainy season, they are completely catastrophic.

According to the 2014 survey, it was found that most of the road related deaths in India are caused by humps, speed breakers, and potholes. 11, 400 people died due to pathetic road conditions and about 4100 people died as a result of crashes on the roads undergoing repairs or construction works.

Here are the 5 simple ways by which road safety in India can be improved:

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1. Proper construction of roads

If the roads are constructed with space for pavements, bus bays, and smoother bends, chances for road accidents will be reduced. Ditches are a chronic problem that spoils Indian roads. They should be immediately taken care of.  This will considerably reduce the accident rates and extra expenses on road repairs.

2.   Implementation of the road safety laws

Quite often, road accidents are caused by violation of road safety rules. When rules are strictly implemented, this problem can be solved easily. Placing police officials at various points may not work every time. Instead, you can seek the aid of traffic technologies such as ticket analysers, speed guns, and breath analysers. 

3.  Monitoring of roads

When you start monitoring the roads through CCTV cameras, certain traffic violations such as violating speed limits, motorcyclists without helmets, people not following road safety rules, etc. can be reduced, as they have a feeling that they are being watched. 

Otherwise, you can replace obsolete systems with modern traffic solutions. Some of the benefits of using modern technologies in traffic are as follows:

  • Cost effective
  • Save energy and manual labour
  • Smoother operations
  • Improve road safety

4. Quick response time

Usually when an accident happens, the response time is too long, which eventually leads to the death of the victim. The system being slow and disorganized, there is a chance for more casualties.

If the CCTV cameras are integrated with intelligent solutions, traffic officials will be able to get real-time data and with that information, they can take immediate action at emergency situations. Road safety awareness can also help traffic and transportation departments to smoothly overcome the adverse situations on the road.

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5. Phone booths and health centres

Though people have smart phones in their possession, they often face network issue. Poor network is a common issue found in highways. Hence, phone booths can be of great help to people as they can quickly contact the relevant authorities, especially, in the case of accidents. 

A health centre can be constructed on highways that help you to provide first aid to accident victims before admitting them to the hospital. In addition to this, you can also arrange mobile emergency services for highways in order to reduce the road accident rates and thereby, enhance road safety.

Implementation of technology on Indian roads can help you to have a safe and smoother public transit service. Cities and suburbs are increasing in number, and so is the number of vehicles on the road. Receiving road safety education at the right time will also help to improve road safety. Road safety education must be made a part of school curriculum. Also, conducting awareness programs for people will help you to achieve the road safety goal. 

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30 Essential Road Safety Rules in India

Every now and then, we come across new vehicles on the road. Hence, it is vital to know and to follow the basic road safety rules and to ensure that everyone else follow these rules too. The road safety rules are designed to suit the best interest of the Indian citizens. In a huge country like India, it may be difficult to execute these safety rules; but, it is not impossible.

Here are 30 essential road safety rules to be followed in India:

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Road Safety Rules for Children (7 to 11 Years Old)

1. Keep Left

Drive adjacent to the left side of the road and let other vehicles in the opposite direction to pass on the right hand side. 

2.  Turning Left

If you want to turn left, stay close to the left side and then, turn left. After turning, continue to stay to the left side of the road. 

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3.  Turning Right

When you want to turn right, you should first come to the centre of the road carefully and then, turn right keeping your vehicle close to the left side of the road. 

4.   Passing

Always remember to pass or overtake the vehicle in front of yours from its right side. 

5.  Passing Prohibited

Overtaking or passing a vehicle and progress in the same direction is prohibited in the following cases:

  • If overtaking or passing causes trouble to any other vehicle moving in any direction
  • Overtaking is prohibited in a curve as you may not have a clear view of the road ahead and sometimes, it may lead to serious accidents
  • It is not wise to overtake or pass if you see the other vehicle's driver already starting to overtake your vehicle
  • If the other driver does not give a signal allowing your vehicle to overtake their vehicle

6.  When another Vehicle Overtakes your Vehicle

You should not try to increase your speed or do anything that prevents the other vehicle from passing or overtaking.

7.  Intersections

You should be extra cautious while approaching a junction, intersections or a crossing. Make sure that your vehicle does not cause any inconvenience to other vehicles or pedestrians.

8.   Right of Way

While approaching an intersection, always give a right of way to vehicles already progressing on that particular road. In other cases, you should proceed only after giving way to vehicles approaching from the right side of the road..

9.  Emergency Vehicles

As a road user, it is your responsibility to give way to fire service vehicles and ambulances.

10.  Pedestrians

Pedestrians have the right of way at pedestrian crossings or zebra crossings.

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11.  “U” Turns

U turns can only be taken when

  • there is no warning sign nearby
  • you give a proper indication to other vehicle drivers that you are going to take a U turn either by hand signals or vehicle indicators
  • you confirm through the mirrors that there is no traffic behind your vehicle 
  • there is no traffic around your vehicle and take U turn only when it is safe

12.  Required Signals

 If your vehicle indicators get damaged without any warning, what will you do? At this juncture, hand signals can be really helpful and hence, it is essential for you to learn them. Here are certain situations where hand signs can be used when your vehicle indicator or brakes are not in proper working condition:

  • When your vehicle is slowing down
  • When your vehicle is preparing to stop
  • When you are planning to turn right or overtake a vehicle from the right side
  • When you plan to turn left
  • When you give permission to the vehicle behind you to overtake your vehicle

13.  Indicators

By using mechanical devices or electronic devices, you can simplify the signals for indication.

14.  Parking

When you park the vehicle, make sure that it does not cause any hurdle or disturbance to any other road users.

15.  Registration

No goods or loads should be kept in a way that hinders the visibility of other vehicles, the headlamps, tail lamps or the vehicle's registration number. If the vehicle's registration number is some way tampered, it should be replaced immediately with a duplicate one.

16.  One way Roads

In the case of one way roads, try to drive only in the direction indicated on the road signs. Never park your vehicle in reverse on a one way street.

17.  Stop Lines

When there are stop lines on the road, ensure that you stop the vehicle behind those lines. 

18. Towing

No vehicles should be towed closer to other vehicles on the road. Some of the exceptions are:

  • Vehicles that are mechanically disabled
  • Partially assembled vehicles
  • Registered trailers and sidecars

All these vehicles are allowed to tow for the purpose of delivery, reaching the nearest service station, or garage.

19. Noise

Drivers should not:

  • Use the horn needlessly 
  • Use the horn in prohibited areas like hospital zones, school zones, etc.
  • Use horns that are blaring, irritating, or loud
  • Use vehicles that cause a lot of noise when in motion
  • Drive vehicles without proper silencers

20.  Traffic Lights and Signs

Always obey traffic signs, the instructions given by traffic officials or any other authorized person. 

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21.  Following Distance

It is better to keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front of you since there is a chance for the vehicle to stop suddenly. When you keep sufficient distance, you will be able to avoid unnecessary hazards.

22.  Right of way on Steep Roads

When the width of the road decreases, it will be difficult for each vehicle to pass at the same time. In such cases, it is always better to stop your vehicle aside and let the other vehicle pass.

23.  Obstruction of Control

You should not allow anything that obstructs the view of the road. No one should be permitted to settle, stand, or place anything that hinders his control on the vehicle.

24.  Passing Pedestrians

Do not drive your vehicle at a speed of more than 25 km/hr, especially when you pass a procession, meeting, strike, or a march. 

25. Tractor and Goods Carriages

It is not allowed to carry passengers on a tractor. Also, drivers of good carriages should not allow more passengers than registered.

26. Loading

It is dangerous to overload vehicle with materials. There should not be anything in the loads that extend towards the front, back or rear side of the vehicle that cause inconvenience to other road users. Also, it should follow the height restrictions decided by the authorities.

27. Dangerous Materials

 It is better for a public transport service to not carry explosive, inflammable, or harmful substances as it can be dangerous to them as well as other road users.

28.  Driving in Reverse

When you take reverse, you should ensure that it does not cause annoyance to any other people on the road.

29. Essential Documents

A driver should possess the following documents while driving a vehicle: –

    a.  Driving license

    b.  Registration certificate of the vehicle

    c.  Taxation certificate

    d.  Insurance certificate

    e.  Fitness certificate

    f.  Permit

All the above documents should be produced on the demand of a police officer or any authorized person. If the documents are not with them, either the attested copies should be given to the officer directly or sent by post within 15 days. 

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30.  Additional Regulations

In addition to the rules mentioned above, the drivers should be aware about their duties, speed limits, weight limits, signals, etc. Also, they should have an idea about the consequences of driving vehicles without relevant documents, drunken driving etc.

The above mentioned rules can be very much valuable for people of all ages. These rules can make the people safe and secure on the roads. Every year, the number of vehicles on road goes on increasing; so does the importance of road safety. Hence, knowing essential road safety rules can help you and your friends from road related crisis.

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